Securing sustainable food and agriculture for the future

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The agriculture sectors are facing the enormous challenge of feeding the world’s growing population in the midst of climate change.

The impacts of increased climate variability as well as more extreme and frequent weather events are jeopardizing  agriculture, livelihoods and infrastructure.

Farmers, pastoralists, fisherfolk and community foresters depend on activities that are intimately and inextricably linked to climate. They are the ones who are affected the most by climate change yet are the least able to cope.

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A profound transformation in the global food and agriculture system is needed to ensure  that the adaptive capacity of smallholders is enhanced and that countries transition  toward low emission and climate resilient development.

However, time is important. Action must be taken now in order to secure sustainable food and agriculture for the future.

FAO is helping to reorient food and agricultural systems in countries most exposed to climate risks, with a clear focus on supporting smallholders.

Climate change effects agriculture around the world

 North America

By 2100, yields of major crops will have declined steeply

30% increase of risks of forests fires

Changes in freshwater fish species physiology, collapse of coral reef systems

40% of mangrove species are  threatened with extinction


 Higher temperatures during critical growth stages cause a  decline in rice yields over a large portion of the continent

 By 2050, the body weight of  marine fish falls by 24%


High temperatures  and humidity increase  livestock mortality risk

Declining summer rains lead to water  shortages, affecting forest growth

Catch potential falls by as much as 50% in some parts of Mediterranean and Red Seas

Latin America  and the  Caribbean

 Changes in freshwater fish  species physiology, collapse  of coral reef systems

40% of mangrove species are  threatened with extinction

Near East and  North Africa

 Forest losses reduce wildlife, bush meat  and other nonwood forest production

By 2050, declining fisheries production in West Africa reduces employment in the sector by 50%


In New Zealand, animal production declines by 2030

Source: FAO, climate-change














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