Myanmar military opens fire on funeral: Top UN officials condemn the ‘shameful, cowardly’ attack

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Myanmar’s security forces opened fire on a funeral Sunday, a day after more than 100 people were killed during protests against the February military coup.
Mourners fled the funeral in Bago, near the commercial capital of Yangon, as the gunfire erupted, according to witnesses.“While we [were] singing the revolution song for him, security forces just arrived and shot at us,” said a woman called Aye, who was at the service for Thae Maung Maung, a 20-year-old student who was shot on Saturday. “People, including us, ran away as they opened fire.“
At least six children between the ages of 10 and 16 were among those killed on Saturday, according to news reports and witnesses.
There were no immediate reports of casualties. The funeral was held for 20-year-old Thae Maung Maung, who was one of roughly 114 people killed Saturday in the bloodiest day since the military junta seized power.



Following another day of widespread bloodshed by the Myanmar military, Alice Wairimu Nderitu, Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide, and Michelle Bachelet, High Commissioner for Human Rights, strongly condemned the Myanmar military’s widespread, lethal, increasingly systematic attacks against peaceful protesters, as well as other serious violations of human rights since it seized power on 1 February.
“The shameful, cowardly, brutal actions of the military and police – who have been filmed shooting at protesters as they flee, and who have not even spared young children – must be halted immediately”, they said in a joint statement.
Coordinated attacks
Yesterday witnessed the bloodiest day since the demonstrations against the coup began, with security forces killing at least 107 individuals – including seven children – according to multiple credible reports, with the number of deaths expected to rise as reports are confirmed.



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Hundreds more were wounded and detained during these seemingly coordinated attacks in over 40 locations throughout the country, and thousands have been arbitrarily arrested – many subjected to enforced disappearance.
The UN officials called on the military to immediately stop killing the very people it has the duty to serve and protect.
International role
The senior officials also called on the Security Council to build on its statement of 10 March condemning the violence, among other things, and for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and wider international community to promptly act to protect the people from atrocities. 
Although the State has the primary responsibility to safeguard its population, in cases where it is manifestly failing, the international community “should take timely and collective action in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations to protect civilian populations that are at risk of atrocity crimes”, they reminded.



End impunity
Both UN officials also called for an end to systemic impunity in Myanmar.
“We must ensure accountability for past crimes and deter the most serious international crimes from being committed”, they stated.
“The failure to address the atrocity crimes the military has committed in the past, including against Rohingya and other minorities, has brought Myanmar to this terrible pass”. 
Ms. Nderitu and Ms. Bachelet urged all parties – including defecting officials, police and military officers – to cooperate with international mechanisms, including the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the Human Rights Council’s Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar, in fighting impunity in the country.
“There is no way forward without accountability and fundamental reform of the military”, they stressed.



Minorities in crosshairs

This situation has also put at further risk the already vulnerable ethnic and religious minorities, including the Rohingya, which has long suffered horrific violence at the hands of the Myanmar military with impunity, as documented by the Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar established by the Human Rights Council.  
“We are deeply concerned about the impact that the current situation may have on these populations and are closely monitoring developments. The rights of minority groups, including the Rohingya population must be fully respected”, the two UN officials stated.



They also noted the diversity of the protest movement and encouraged the newfound sense of unity across ethnic and religious divides.

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