The European Commission has allocated €600 million of European Development Fund to finance immediate humanitarian food aid, food production and resilience of food systems in the most vulnerable countries in Africa, the Caribbean and Pacific (ACP). This will help partner countries and vulnerable people to cope with the unjust consequences of Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine, notably the current food security crisis and related economic shock.
Commissioner for International Partnerships Jutta Urpilainen stated: “In the short-term we are helping families with food and nutrition assistance and helping countries to buy the food they need; as part of the Global Gateway strategy, we also work on solutions to address current and future risks by investing in local sustainable food systems to enhance resilience.”
The decision to swiftly redirect €600 million to food security in ACPs from de-committed funds from the 10th and 11th European Development Fund was announced by President Von der Leyen in June 2022 and the allocation received green light from Member States in September.
As part of the Team Europe’s Response to Global Food Insecurity, the funding will support people in African, Caribbean and Pacific countries, where the humanitarian needs are the highest and where programmes to sustainably enhance food security and resilience were identified. More precisely, the funding will be allocated as follows:
Eastern Africa/Great Lakes: for food production and resilience €25 million for DRC, €10 million for Kenya, €10 million for Rwanda, €20 million for Somalia and €10 million for Uganda. For emergency food assistance €16 million for DRC, €2 million for Burundi refugee crisis, €2.5 million for Horn of Africa, €8 million for Ethiopia, €8 million for Somalia, €29 million for Sudan, €5.5 million for South Sudan.
Southern Africa: €10 million for Madagascar, €15 million for Malawi, €15 million for Mozambique and €20 million for Zambia. For emergency food assistance €4 million for Madagascar, €8 million for Mozambique, €4 million for Zimbabwe, €0.5 million for Southern Africa region.
West and Central Africa: for food production and resilience €20 million for Cameroon, €10 million for Chad, €10 million for Ivory Coast, €10 million for Ghana, €12 million for Mauritania, €25 million for Niger, €15 million for Senegal, €10 million for Togo. For emergency food assistance €6.5 million for Burkina Faso, €6.5 million for Cameroon, €6 million for Central African Republic, €7.5 million for Chad, €6 million for Mali, €1 million for Mauritania, €6 million for Niger, €7.5 million for Nigeria, €1.5 million for the region.
A €52,5 million transversal component will ensure coordination between the different programmes and amplify their impact at continental and regional level. This will be done by focusing on sustainable finance and investments for sustainable agriculture and agri-value chains.
A further €100 million component will provide macroeconomic support to African, Caribbean and Pacific Low Income Countries by leveraging, via a contribution to the International Monetary Fund’s Poverty and Reduction Trust, concessional loans thereby creating fiscal space to help these countries address the food crisis situation.
The world is facing a global food crisis, aggravated by Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine. The recently published mid-year update of the Global Report on Food Crises estimates that up to 205.1 million people currently face high levels of acute food insecurity in 45 countries covered by the Global Report on Food Crises 2022.
With the additional €600 million, the EU envisages to allocate for food security and food systems programmes in partner countries €7.7 billion until 2024 worldwide. This also includes an estimated €2.2 billion in immediate humanitarian food and nutrition assistance for the most vulnerable countries and a further €5 billion to invest in the medium to longer term in sustainable food systems.