As many as 34 African countries make reference to carbon mechanisms in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Therefore, many countries in Africa, including Eastern African countries, would like to explore the potential of carbon markets mechanisms to reduce emissions and to implement their countries’ NDCs. Article 6 of the Paris Agreement covers several approaches for which rules, procedures and guidelines are under negotiation and will possibly be finalized at COP 24 in Poland.
In this regard, the GIZ Carbon Markets Project in Uganda on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) together with the UNFCCC Regional Collaboration Centre (RCC) Kampala and the Secretariat of the East African Community (EAC) organized a Pre-COP24 Negotiators Forum (30th Oct – 1st Nov 2018, Nairobi, Kenya) for Eastern African countries.
The discussion focused on carbon pricing and Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. The workshop brought together more than 40 public and private sector participants from Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Ethiopia and Burundi, many of whom were experienced negotiators.
Amid the presenters during the workshop were representatives from the NDC Partnership (NDCP) – Margaret Barihaihi, who gave insights on the support opportunities for NDC implementation, the African Development Bank (AfDB) – Olufunso Somorin who presented on the NDC Hub, an initiative by the bank to support African countries in the achievement of their NDC targets, UNFCCC- Amy Steen, who delivered a profound analysis of Art. 6.2, the progress of Paris rulebook towards COP24 and the interlinkages of negotiation streams, as well as Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition (CPLC) – Rachel Boti-Douayoua (CPLC), who presented on examples of carbon pricing approaches in African countries.
During the forum, participants had the opportunity to enhance their technical capacities on general rules, procedures and processes within UNFCCC negotiations framework as well as analyze and discuss the various textual options that are being negotiated under Art. 6.2 on cooperative approaches, Art. 6.4 on sustainable development mechanisms well as Art. 6.8 on non-market based approaches.
To complement the exercise, the interlinkages of Art. 6 to Article 4 on accounting, Article 9 on transparency, as well as Article 13 on climate finance were discussed. In addition, participants were also familiarized with the position and key concerns of the African Group of Negotiators (AGN) on matters relating to Article 6.Some of the key concerns of the AGN group towards Katowice and Article 6 revolve around ensuring a vast participation of African countries within the Article 6 mechanisms, collaboration of African countries towards NDC implementation, as well as the operationalization of Article 6.
As a result of the forum, discussions between the countries that sparked around Article 6 will be used to inform the East African regional consultations on climate change, which are currently taking place under the auspices of the EAC Secretariat, supported by the GIZ Carbon Markets Project. The outcome of EAC’s regional consultations will then feed into the AGN’s position paper on Article 6 and other climate change related matters during COP24 in Katowice.